Civil War Headstone Dedication

for Orlando Wells Nash

On Sunday, May 22, 2005, the Crystal Lake Historical Society honored Civil War soldier, Orlando Wells Nash, with a headstone dedication ceremony to mark the final resting place of this Crystal Lake veteran.

Service of Dedication

Gathering Words (Rev. Arn Schaper)

Musical Selection - "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" (Lucas Ramirez)

Eulogy (Rev. Arn Schaper)

Laying of the Wreath (Lena Burke)

Musical Selection - "Battle Hymn of the Republic" (Lucas Ramirez)

Presentation of the Flag (American Legion)


Benediction (Rev. Arn Schaper)

Remembering Orlando Wells Nash 

Orlando Wells Nash was born October 22, 1839 in Ohio. He was the son of Enos B. and Catherine Keller Nash. The family moved to Illinois in the 1840's, and eventually settled in Crystal Lake, Algonquin Township.

In September, 1861, at the age of 22, Orlando left his family farm and enlisted for a three-year term in the Illinois 36th Infantry Regiment, Company H at the rank of Private. Company H was commonly known as 'The Woodstock Rifles'. The 36th Infantry Regiment wintered in Missouri, and proceeded into Arkansas to fight at the Battle of Pea Ridge in March, 1862. The Regiment then moved on to Kentucky and was involved in several skirmishes, including the Battle of Perryville. On November 14, 1862, Orlando was promoted to the rank of Corporal.

By December, 1862, the 36th Infantry Regiment had moved to Murfreesboro, TN. And on December 26th became engaged in the Battle of Stones River. On December 31, 1862, Orlando Wells Nash was killed at the Battle of Stones River.

The following excerpt is taken from a letter written on January 10, 1863 by Pvt. John H. Sackett of Hebron, who fought in the same regiment and company as Orlando Nash. Pvt. Sackett recalls and describes the Battle of Stones River: "You have in all probability before this heard of the great fight at Murfreesborough or Stones River, 27 miles from Nashville, Tenn. We marched the next day after Christmas and skirmished until Dec. 30 when the fight began in good earnest and there was heavy artillery fighting all day. We gained considerable ground but the next morning the rebs had been reinforced from Chattanooga and they overpowered us and drove us back and ent (sp?) our men up pretty badly. Our men fell back to the heavy cedar timber and there made a stand and fought until the 2nd of January when they evacuated Murfreesboro and left the place in our hands." [1] 

Several weeks after the Battle of Stones River, a small group of local citizens, led by Mr. John Brink, traveled to war-torn Tennessee to claim the bodies of Orlando Nash and Al Bunker (of Ridgefield) and bring them back to McHenry County for burial.

The diary of Wallace P. Benson (of Algonquin) who also served in the 36th Illinois, Company H, has the following notation: "January 30 (1863) - John Brink and Mr. Bunker called. They had Orlando Nash and Al Bunker's bodies." [2]

'The Woodstock Sentinel' includes a report from the 36th Illinois Regiment. The report is dated January 29, 1863: "Saturday last, our brigade went out to guard a forage train, in the direction of Shelbyville. The advance companies fired a couple of shots at rebel scouts, but we saw nothing of them. About 11 o'clock it commenced raining, and did not slacken until we reached camp, just after dark. Imagine our surprise when we had just commenced cooking our suppers, when four old familiar faces suddenly appeared among us--viz: George Bunker, of Ridgefield, John Brink, Mr. Ford and Mr. Sherwood, of Algonquin. Our uncomfortable day's work was soon forgotten, for, it is needless to say, every one was highly gratified to grasp the friendly hand of an old neighbor, direct from home. Their stay with us was very short, as they started back Monday. They convey homeward the remains of Alvin Bunker and Orlando Nash, two young men who possessed the entire confidence and respect of all their comrades, and their absence throws a deep gloom over the company. They died as a 'soldier loves to die', nobly defending their country's honor." [3]

One final description is found in the diary of Martha Josephine Buck, who writes: "Thursday, February 5th. It has been snowing nearly all day, and I think if we make a great deal of haste abut it, we can manage to get a sleighride yet this winter. It can't be possible for it to last a great while. This has been a pretty busy week so far. I feel in my bones that it has. Tuesday the funeral of Orlando Nash took place. The corpse arrived the day before. It had been buried about 3 weeks when Mr. Brink got there. He gave $90 for a metallic coffin and had the body taken up and brought home. It looked quite natural even after so long a time so those say who saw it. The coffin was not opened at the Church. There was a great crowd there." [4] 

In February, 1863, church services for Orlando Nash were held at the First Congregational Church, and he was laid to rest at the Crystal Lake Cemetery (now known as Lake Avenue Cemetery).

It is unknown if Orlando Nash's grave ever had a headstone; but the new government-issued Civil War era headstone will now mark the final resting place of this Civil War soldier, who died defending the Union.

[1] The original copy of Pvt. John H. Sackett's letter is located at the Abraham Lincoln Memorial Library, Springfield, Illinois, Manuscript collection.

[2] Wallace P. Benson's diary is transcribed on Don Purn's website

[3] Woodstock Sentinel, dated February 11, 1863

[4] The original diary of Martha Josephine Buck is owned by her great-grandson, Stanley Jones.


Special thanks to the following individuals and groups who helped make this event possible: Countryside Flowershop & Nursery, Crystal Lake American Legion Post #171, Crystal Lake Historic Preservation Commission, Diana Kenney - research and project administrator, Dianne Klemme - Algonquin Township Supervisor, McHenry County Civil War Roundtable, Lucas Ramirez - violinist, Steve Ramirez - drummer, Rev. Arn Schaper, Linda Stengele - dowser, and Tony Zoia - Zoia Monument Company.

Photos from Dedication Ceremony

The Headstone

The Department of  Veterans Affairs (VA) furnsihes upon request, at no charge to the applicant, a Government headstone or marker for the grave of any deceased eligible veteran in any cemetery around the world.

There are certain restrictions to determine eligibility, including (but not limited to) an honorable discharge from service or being killed while on active duty.

There are specific styles of upright marble or granite headstones to mark the graves of Union and Confederate Civil War dead.  For Civil War Union markers, a shield is inscribed which encompasses the arched name, then abbreviated military service.  The dates of birth and death are inscribed below the shield.


After obtaining Orlando W. Nash's military service record from the State and National Archives, the headstone order was placed through the Woodstock Armory.  Because the Lake Avenue Cemetery is not an active cemetery, Zoia Monument Company of Woodstock agreed to accept the headstone and provide installation services.

The Crystal Lake Historic Preservation Commission provided a 50/50 matching grant to the Crystal Lake Historical Society to share the cost of headstone installation.

Lake Avenue Cemetery records were used to determine the correct burial location.  Linda Stengele, local dowser, verified the location of the unmarked grave with dowsing wires to affirm the presence of a burial at that location.

Regiment Flag for the 36th Illinois Infantry

The Regiment Flag for the 36th Illinois Infantry depicts a summary of the major battles fought by the Regiment.  These include: Pea Ridge, Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Resaca, Pleasant Hill, Kenesaw Mount, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta Campaign, Spring Hill, Franklin, and Nashville.

Statistics for the 36th Illinois Regiment

  • 204 killed (14.8%)
  • 739 killed and wounded
  • 12 died in Confederate Prisons

Total Casualties at the Battle of Stones River

  • Federal 9,532
  • Confederate 9,239